Sciences

If you have an inquiring mind and like to ask questions, the Sciences are a fantastic choice and can open up many career opportunities.

Do you remember that rollercoaster you rode at the local Show? That was only possible because of science. And the muesli bar you ate the other day? Science again.

Any way you look at it, science has a positive impact on everyone.

Whether it’s designing new medicines, discovering new species or developing better technologies, science improves our lives. 


Why be a science professional?

Through studying science you'll get a better understanding of the world around you. It will also equip you to think analytically and critically, to seek out knowledge and apply what you have learned to a range of real-life situations.

Science graduates are highly sought after, because of the broad range of skills they develop during their studies - technical skills, problem solving skills, communication skills and the ability to work in teams.

Because of this, with a science degree you can work in many different industries including Business Services, Education, Government, Health, Medical and Pharmaceutical development and Manufacturing.

Where can a science qualification take me?

Scientists find work opportunities around the world. Australian scientists and science qualifications are respected in many other countries.

As well as opening doors in a range of industries, having a science degree could see you monitoring volcanoes in Iceland, tracking whales across the oceans, or using custom-built equipment in a laboratory in Paris, Tokyo or Geneva.

You may work in forests or zoos, underground or underwater, in the Arctic or Antarctica, on airplanes or even in outer space.

 So get scientific and start doing some research, to find the right science career direction for you and the pathway that will take you there. Look at the employment section of newspapers or on job websites, search for science-oriented jobs, read through their role descriptions and consider whether the role matches your interests, skills and capabilities.

(Sources: "Lifting our Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) Skills", March 2013. "Progressing STEM Skills in Australia", February 2015. Australian Industry Group (AIG) Reports - www.aigroup.com.au/policy/reports)

What are the science professions all about?

You’ll be surprised at how many different areas of science there are - scientists study everything from the sub-atomic to the extra-galactic. And not all scientists wear a white coat and work in a lab. You’ll find them asking questions everywhere, including underwater, in space, in a forest, out on an oil rig, down a mine… the list is endless.

Science careers fall into four broad disciplines, and there are many specialisations and roles within each:

  • Biological and Life Sciences;
  • Biomedical and Behavioural Sciences;
  • Earth and Environmental Sciences; and
  • Physical, Chemical, Mathematical & Computational Sciences.

For more detail about these and the professional roles in each, go to the Find out more and Glossary-sciences pages.


Science professions snapshot - facts and figures

You can investigate more about a selection of science professions using our Sciences Infographic 2017 resource (PDF 706Kb).

Compare the figures in this infographic, based on latest (2015) data, to the current data on the Job Outlook website to see what's changed since 2015.  

Download and print PDF at A3 or A4 size - do not print from your browser.


Find out more

Find out more about the wide range of science careers and roles you can pursue. Then remember to review your Career Action Plan with your teacher or careers teacher.

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